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Commentary: Mental health training for police is saving lives
The Daily Herald - 11/19/2017
By J. Thomas Manger
and Linda Rosenberg
Approximately 1 in 10 police calls involves a person with mental illness, making police the nation's de facto first responders to mental health crises. Although police are on the front lines, they often do not have the training to recognize and appropriately respond when an emergency involves a mental health crisis.
When police officers in Providence, Rhode Island, encountered a distressed young man brandishing a knife, the situation could have gone horribly wrong. The youth ignored officers' commands to drop the knife and began advancing on them.
But the officers didn't draw their weapons. Instead, Lt. Daniel Gannon drew on his training in Mental Health First Aid for Public Safety. He spoke to the young man in a reassuring voice about his desire to help.
Eventually, the young man dropped the knife. Instead of being charged with a crime, he agreed to be evaluated at a local hospital. Lt. Gannon's Mental Health First Aid training gave him the skills needed to identify, understand and respond to the signs of an emerging mental health crisis. His reaction may well have saved both their lives that day.
One in 4 people killed by police in 2017 were mentally ill. Police officers join law enforcement to help people and support their communities, but when officers aren't prepared to respond effectively to a behavioral health crisis, they put themselves and the individual who is mentally ill at risk. They need training to help respond to those affected by mental illnesses and addictions.
The National Council for Behavioral Health offers Mental Health First Aid, an actionable public safety training program to help officers better understand mental illnesses so they can safely deescalate crises without compromising safety. The program also focuses on early intervention, diversion and referral to clinical support.
Recognizing the effectiveness of this training, the International Association of Chiefs of Police instituted the One Mind Campaign, which includes a commitment to train and certify 100 percent of their agency's sworn officers in Mental Health First Aid for Public Safety. To date, 246 law enforcement agencies around the country have taken the One Mind Pledge. Agencies from Alpharetta, Georgia, to Yarmouth, Massachusetts, — including the Baltimore, Houston and Minneapolis police departments — are working with Mental Health First Aid to make this groundbreaking training part of their commitment to protect and serve.
Mental Health First Aid for Public Safety ensures that every officer in the field — even those without specialized Crisis Intervention Team training — has tools to deescalate potentially dangerous situations. Mental Health First Aid training has also helped many officers in their personal lives by providing strategies to help themselves, their families and their partners.
For the last four years, federal funding has supported Mental Health First Aid training for individuals who work with youth. The National Council for Behavioral Health joins with the Major Cities Chiefs Association in thanking Congress for extending their support to the training of police and first responders. Mental Health First Aid for Public Safety gives police additional tools to de-escalate an incident and to connect the person to needed care.
J. Thomas Manger is president of the Major Cities Chiefs Association Linda Rosenberg is president and CEO of the National Council for Behavioral Health.